Common Pheasant

(Phasianus colchicus)

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Kirghiz Pheasant, Andy Maycen

Phasianus colchicus mongolicus
Photo by Andy Maycen

Phasianus colchicus mongolicus
Photo by Jan Harteman

The following page was put together with assistance from Andy Maycen, James Pfarr, & Scott Vowers.

Scientific Information

Other Names: Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant, Game Pheasant, True Pheasant; see subspecies for others.

Subspecies: There are five subspecies.

Black-necked Pheasants -
Persian Pheasant (P .c. persicus),
Talisch Caucasian Pheasant (P. c. talischensis)
Northern Caucasian Pheasant (P. c. spetentrionalis),
Southern Caucasus Pheasant (P. colchicus colchicus);

White-winged Pheasants -
Prince of Wales's Pheasant (. c. principalis)
Zarundy's Pheasant (P. c. zarudnyi)
Bianchi's Pheasant (P. c. bianchii),
Khivan Pheasant (P. c. chrysomelas)
Zerafshan Pheasant (P. c. zerafschanicus);

Kirghiz Pheasants -
Kirghiz Pheasant (P. c. mongolicus),
Syr Daria Pheasant (P. c. turcestanicus);

Tarim Basin Pheasants -
Tarim Pheasant (P. c. tarimensis),
Yarkland Pheasant (P. c. sahwii);

Grey-rumped Pheasants -
Kobdo Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. hagenbecki),
Manchurian Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. pallasi),
Korean Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. karpowi),
Shansi Pheasant (P. c. kiangsuensis),
Alashan Pheasant (P. c. alaschanicus),
Gobi Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. edzinensis),
Satchu Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. satscheuensis),
Zaidam Pheasant (P. c. vlangalii),
Strauch's Pheasant (P. c. strauchi),
Sohokhoto Pheasant (P. c. sohokhotensis),
Sungpan Pheasant (P. c. suehschanensis),
Stone's Pheasant (P. c. elegans),
Rothschild's Pheasant (P. c. rothschildi),
Kweichow Pheasant (P. c. decollatus),
Tonkinese Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. takatsukasae),
Chinese Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. torquatus),
Formosan Ring-necked Pheasant (P. c. formosanus).

Range: Broad range over much of temperate Asia; introduced nearly worldwide including North America, Europe, Chile, Hawaii, Tasmania and NEW Zealand.

Habitat: A wide variety of habitats throughout its natural and introduced range.

Status in Wild: Perhaps the most common of all pheasants. In its introduced range, populations are supplemented annually with captive-bred birds for hunting and in some locations, they are common to abundant. When releases of these "Game" pheasants occur within existing, native ranges, the native race integrates with these birds and has caused such races as bianchii, colchicus and spetentrionalis to diminish in numbers.

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Click on thumbnails for larger views.

Southern Caucasus Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus colchicus

1 2 3 4 5

Photo Credits
1, Andy Maycen; 2-5, Scott Vowers.

Bianchi's Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus bianchii

1 2 3 4

Photo Credits
1-4, Scott Vowers.

Zarundy's Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus zarudnyi

1 2 3

Photo Credits
1, Andy Maycen; 2-3, James Pfarr.

Zerafshan Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus zerafschanicus


Photo Credits
1, James Pfarr.

Kirghiz Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus mongolicus

1 2 3 4 5 6

Photo Credits
1, Andy Maycen; 2, Jan Harteman; 3-6, Scott Vowers.

Strauch's Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus strauchi

1 2 3

Photo Credits
1-3, Scott Vowers.

Tonkinese Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus takatsukasae


Photo Credits
1, James Pfarr.

Formosan Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus formosanus

1 2

Photo Credits
1-2, James Pfarr.


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