Vulturine Guineafowl

(Acryllium vulturinum)

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Vulturine Guineafowl with chick

Acryllium vulturinum
Photo by Dan Cowell

Additional Information

Breeding Season: Varies, I've worked with birds that would lay in early spring and again in the fall.

Breeding Age: First year.

Clutch Size: 4 to 8, but will lay several clutches if eggs removed.

Incubation Period:: 24 days.

Description - Male:

Description - Female:

Status in Captivity: Popular and highly sought after, they are still relatively uncommon in private aviaries, but numbers are increasing.

Misc Notes: This species does very well in the aviary. Males can sometimes be a little aggressive towards their keeper and hens, so plan for a large sized aviary with plenty of cover for the hen. They are hardy birds, tolerate heat well, but will need some protection on the coldest days of the winter. They are best kept in pairs, but can be kept with other species as long as the aviary is large enough.

Breeding Vulturine Guineafowl needs no special requirements. Hens prefer to lay their eggs under thick grasses or shrubs. Chicks need lots of live food such as small mealworms to get them started off. We have placed week old chicks that were hatched in an incubator with the parents (2 heat lamps were set up in a holding area as a precaution) and the male readily adopted them. He would brood them at night, show them food and protect them from us! Green food should be an important part of the diet of both adults and young.

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Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Hayes, LB. 1995. Upland Game Birds: Their Breeding and Care. Leland Hayes, Valley Center, CA.
  • Madge, S., McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Zimmerman, D., Turner, D., Pearson, D., 1999. Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

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